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1. Energy is a physical quantity that follows precise natural laws.
2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow through the Earth...
3. Biological processes depend on energy flow through the Earth system.
5. Energy decisions are influenced by economic, political, environmental, and...
6. The amount of energy used by human society depends on many factors.
7. The quality of life of individuals and societies is affected by energy...
4. Various sources of energy are used to power human activities.
8. Wood based bio-fuels are one form of energy that is renewable
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1.1 Energy is a quantity that is transferred from system to system.
1.2 The energy of a system or object that results in its temperature is called...
1.3 Energy is neither created nor destroyed.
1.4 Energy available to do useful work decreases as it is transferred from...
1.5 Energy comes in different forms and can be divided into categories.
1.6 Chemical and nuclear reactions involve transfer and transformation of...
1.7 Many different units are used to quantify energy.
1.8 Power is a measure of energy transfer rate.
2.1 Earth constantly changes as energy flows through the system.
2.2 Sunlight, gravitational potential, decay of radioactive isotopes, and...
2.3 Earth’s weather and climate are mostly driven by energy from the Sun.
2.4 Water plays a major role in the storage and transfer of energy in the Earth...
2.5 Movement of matter between reservoirs is driven by Earth’s sources of...
2.6 Greenhouse gases affect energy flow through the Earth system.
2.7 The effects of changes in Earth’s energy system are often not immediately...
3.1 The Sun is the major source of energy for organisms and the ecosystems of...
3.2 Food is a biofuel used by organisms to acquire energy for internal living...
3.3 Energy available to do useful work decreases as it is transferred from...
3.4 Energy flows through food webs in one direction, from producers to...
3.5 Ecosystems are affected by changes in the availability of energy and...
3.6 Humans are part of Earth’s ecosystems and influence energy flow through...
4.1 Humans transfer and transform energy from the environment into forms useful...
4.2 Humans use of energy is subject to limits and constraints.
4.3 Fossil and biofuels are organic matter that contain energy captured from...
4.4 Humans transport energy from place to place.
4.5 Humans generate electricity in multiple ways.
4.6 Humans intentionally store energy for later use in a number of different...
4.7 Different sources of energy and different ways energy is transformed,...
5.1 Decisions concerning the use of energy resources are made at many levels.
5.2 Energy infrastructure has inertia.
5.3 Energy decisions can be made using a systems-based approach.
5.4 Energy decisions are influenced by economic factors.
5.5 Energy decisions are influenced by political factors.
5.6 Energy decisions are influenced by environmental factors.
5.7 Energy decisions are influenced by social factors.
6.1 Conservation of energy has two very different meanings.
6.2 One way to manage energy resources is through conservation.
6.3 Human demand for energy is increasing.
6.4 Earth has limited energy resources.
6.5 Social and technological innovation affects the amount of energy used by...
6.6 Behavior and design affect the amount of energy used by human society.
6.7 Products and services carry with them embedded energy.
6.8 Amount of energy used can be calculated and monitored.
7.1 Economic security is impacted by energy choices.
7.2 National security is impacted by energy choices.
7.3 Environmental quality is impacted by energy choices.
7.4 Increasing demand for and limited supplies of fossil fuels affects quality...
7.5 Access to energy resources affects quality of life.
7.6 Some populations are more vulnerable to impacts of energy choices than...
8.1 Sources of cellulosic residuals used are found in forest operations and in...
8.2 Transportation and logistic considerations shape cost and feasibility within...
8.3 Pretreatment processess makes sugars more available.
8.4 The conversion processess includes adding specific enzymes to make simple...
8.5 Fermentation processess use specialized yeasts to create isobutanol.
8.6 Liquid fuel can be produced from wood feedstocks.
8.7 Co-products in biofuel production use lignin in many ways.
8.8 Life cycle analysis take account of ecological factors that are in steps...
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National Geographic article detailing 10 innovations that are impacting today and have the potential to impact our energy future.
Associated Grade Levels: 7-89-1011-12Public
Department of Energy publication detailing the amount of energy used and produced in 2013 across all sectors.
National Geographic article highlighting some of the new technology that the auto industry is using to make more energy efficient cars. Ideas include using aluminium frames, better batteries and hydrogen powered vehicles.
Five points of interest when discussing biorefineries.
A Grist article describing the winners of OpenIDEO's Renewable Energy Challenge. Ideas include a tree shaped wind turbine and a solar collector that also cleans water.
A TED-Ed video lesson about the different sources of energy and how using these different resources can impact our daily lives.
Associated Grade Levels: 5-67-89-1011-12Public
Teachers will find a progression of four lesson plans in this curriculum. These lessons focus on advanced biofuel projects from across the U.S. that are striving to meet goals of economic, environmental, and social sustainability, while producing alternative fuels and co-products. These lessons are delivered with evidence based narrative material that will engage students in the stories surrounding these progressive biofuels projects.
There are two curricular threads that progress through the lessons. The first thread is the science content to build students’ knowledge of advanced biofuels. The second thread has students progress from deconstructing narrative material to constructing their own narrative in the final lesson.
Educational resources provided by Advanced Hardwoods Biofuels Northwest
News and Information about Biofuel and Biomass Fuel Technology from AENews
Airports in Clearwater Basin
Associated Grade Levels: 9-1011-12
This video resource highlights the role of algal fuel research that first started in the 1970s and algae biofuel. The technology manager at the U.S. Department of Energy, Joyce Yang discusses why algae biofuel is important to the DOE, private corporations and beneficial to U.S. citizens. She encourages further research and commends the research already being done at the College of William & Mary. Using algae has dual or triple benefits, delivering energy security and energy independence, as well as beneficial byproducts. She briefly discusses energy intensity-what it takes to convert algae into fuel and the goal of pairing up the best science with the best engineering.
Associated Grade Levels: 7-89-1011-12
This Capstone Project Proposal website contains several helpful algae biofuel graphics-one shows how biodiesel is produced from algae, a chart showing the oil yield in gallons per acre for many feedstock crops, and 2 excellent videos on algae being turned into biofuel. Algae has a much higher oil yield compared to other feedstock.
Associated Grade Levels: 11-12
An initiative launched by President Obama for the conservation of land with the benefit of all at its forefront. This will be accomplished by locals instead of a more federal approach.
Associated Grade Levels: 9-1011-12Public
In this intimate talk filmed at TED's offices, energy innovator Amory Lovins shows how to get the US off oil and coal by 2050, $5 trillion cheaper, with no Act of Congress, led by business for profit. The key is integrating all four energy-using sectors—and four kinds of innovation.
A deatiled review of second generation biofules including market technologies, supply chain, challenges to introductions, and production costs
What are the levelized costs for generating various types of energy? This paper compares coal, natural gas, nuclear and various renewable energies by cost.
Apple partners with First Solar to provide solar power to its corporate offices and California stores. Apple invested $848 million in this 25 year long power purchase agreement.
A National Renewable Energy Laboratory report which details the decisions concerning implementing the PV market.
Associated Grade Levels: 9-10Public
A governmental challenge to build better, more energy efficient buildings. This is the link to the main site within the U.S. Department of Energy which has a comprehensive overview of the challenges goals and outcomes.
A PBS website that offers an in-depth essential addition to America's energy debate. The videos are produced by Detroit Public Television and Scientific American.
An infographic showing the regions where each study is taking place, as well as the universities that are leading the scientific studies and the the links to their specific information.
"Bioenergy: America's Energy Future is a short documentary film showcasing examples of bioenergy innovations across the biomass supply chain and the United States. The film highlights a few stories of individuals and companies who are passionate about achieving the promise of biofuels and addressing the challenges of developing a thriving bioeconomy. This outreach product supports media initiatives to expand the public’s understanding of the bioenergy industry and sustainable transportation and was developed by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Green Focus Films, and BCS, Incorporated.
Biofuel production chains describe the production process starting from the production of biomass to the technological transformation of biomass to biofuel
This review is intended to give a brief overview about certain aspects of the complex biofuel issue, providing the latest update of the production and potential of biofuels in the transport sector including types of biofuel, feedstocks and technologies and some of the possible socio-economic, environmental and political implications of the widespread use of biofuels in our society.
Concerns over energy security, economic development and climate change are driving the development of biofuels. This report sets out an ethical framework to guide policy-making for both current and future biofuels. View research summaries and download the report (.pdf)
The primary focus of this paper is to identify opportunities, challenges, and potential solutions for achieving greenhouse gas (GHG) and waste reduction goals from biomass conversion facilities in California
A Department of Energy project which would allow for a mobile feedstock processing plant. This pdf outlines the workings of the equipment along with the capabilities for production.
By formulating a new, stronger form of concrete it has allowed the possibility of taller wind turbines to become a possibility.
Arizona State University is monitoring their energy usage in real time with the Campus Metabolism site! Four sites report their usage of various energy sources daily, along with weather conditions.
Link to a group of universities working on ways to improve transportation by way of efficiency and new technologies.
University of Wisconsin Madison Massive Open Online Course designed to highlight the impact of a changing climate while detailing how these effects are taking place and why.
The Human Capital section addresses social assets of each of the 5 regions- education, workforce, and general attitudes toward biomass. This section determines how people view and what they know about biomass. P.48-67
This section is the identification and cataloging of all major physical assets relevant to the regions development and processing the woody biomass. P. 24-47
This section is all about the policies for the local, state, and federal levels and then on a regional level. This is to support the use of woody biomass as a biofuel. P. 106-123
BBC article summarizing the acknowledgment of G20 countries need to support developing countries get clean energy and adapt to climate change
Overview of the progress and goals for different teams within the NARA framework.
Associated Grade Levels: 11-12Public
BP short film that explores wheat production in the UK and its potential impact on food and fuel.
A team at Iowa State University is working on the creation of new batteries which perform better and are safe for outer-space.
A powerpoint presentation from DuPont delivered at the U.S. Department of Energy's Biomass conference in 2014 dealing with growing the future bioeconomy. The slides review the process of harvesting corn stover in Nevada, Iowa and its expansion into a realistic biomass.
Biomass magazine article overviewing an Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2) report for the numbers of growth in clean energy related sectors, highlighting the continued growth of jobs.
PBS video covering different types of energy and the need for alternative energy sources.
Wisconsin based show, Into the Outdoors, has students asks people at a gas station where their energy comes from. This short video shows the low level of understanding that most people have concerning how their energy is produced.
Energy efficiency resources, including guides on heating and cooling, efficient lighting, window insulation, water conservation, solar energy, and more
Large companies and individual innovators can lead sustainability efforts. Biofuels are one component of a suite of energy-based innovations that will be essential in dealing with peak fossil fuel availability and subsequent sustainability.
A U.S. Energy Information Administration website covering renewable biomass topics at a level that kids can understand.
Associated Grade Levels: 1-23-45-6
A powerpoint covering the Imagine Tomorrow energy competition and energy literacy with its relation to STEM and NARA.
View interactive maps for coal, nuclear, oil, and renewable energy for the US and the world.
This is a collaboration of the state energy office and UW-Extension. This site covers all realms of energy production and usage across the state of Wisconsin.
PBS compilation of energy resources including relevant videos, lesson plans, and grouped by grade level as well as educational standards.
Associated Grade Levels: 1-23-45-67-89-1011-12Public
This is a workbook for a unit of energy lessons. This includes stories and activities for students k-3.
Associated Grade Levels: 1-23-4
Nearly 47,000 jobs were announced across the U.S. This report details the states and specific jobs that were gained in the year 2014.
This video provides an introduction to cellulosic biomass and the process of converting cellulose into ethanol. With the help of Ray and Tom Magliozzi, the hosts of NPR’s Car Talk, scientists describe the process of producing cellulosic biomass-based ethanol and the future of biofuel production.
Science Magazine article highlighting using a different process to break down plant matter into useable fuel. This process uses bacteria to break down the plants.
Breakdown of costs involved with the implementation of clean energy on a per building scale.
Advances in technology allow us new opportunities to better ourselves and the planet. 3-D printing, driverless cars, and new glass are among the topics inside this article.
Summation of a report which highlights the amount of money being spent to further non-renewable fuel source exploration.
A comprehensive guide to energy literacy with lessons, assessments and student readings covering topics including the basics of energy through home energy usage and sustainable flight using biofuel from the Pacific Northwest, among others.
Associated Grade Levels: 5-67-8Public
UN-backed statement about the future of fossil fuels according to the IPCC, along with target goals for reducing our dependency on non-renewable energy sources and carbon storage.
"Biomass magazine article articulating the changes within the wood burning stove industry across the country because of the pollution that they cause, especially noted in places common to inversion, like Salt Lake City.
A biofuel company is able to produce larger levels of fuel than previously thought also with new ways for the company to continue prosper.
This interactive map shows the present and potential future of electricity in the world.
Global Change is a research program that works to understand the impacts of climate change.
A U.K. based company has raised funds to convert a Minnesota ethanol plant to be able to produce n-butanol and acetone. This will impact the amount of bioenergy that can be produced in the Midwest.
Ethanol Producer Magazine article detailing the abilities of the company Algenol, which produces ethanol and other coproducts by way of algae. The company uses algae to make up to 8,000 gallons of ethanol a year, compared to corn ethanol's 476 gallons.
Smarter technology is being researched for implementation on snow plows to use less salt when there is salt still remaining on the road.
An environmental news and opinion nonprofit organization which compiles irreverant thought provoking articles dealing with the issues of Climate, Culture and Energy.
A NOVA video showing how the growing population is increasing the demand for energy and how we are going to fill the need along with the effects on the environment.
Biomass Gasification: A Comprehensive Demonstration of a Community-Scale Biomass Energy System
A TED-Ed video lesson about how many lightbulbs each person uses in the United Kingdom. A physicist walks us through the amount of energy used and needed all converted to the amount of light bulbs on all the time.
Different countries have different prices on electricity. How much does it cost to power daily appliances in your country?
A short 8 question quiz that covers energy production and usage in the United States as well as some basic energy concepts.
Frequently asked questions dealing with geothermal heat pumps. Topics range from Cost, Environmental benefits, to Installation.
Students will be introduced to biomass gasification and will generate their own biomass gases. Students generate these everyday on their own and find it quite amusing, but this time they’ll do it by heating wood pellets or wood splints in a test tube. They will collect the resulting gases and use the gas to roast a marshmallow. Students will also evaluate which biomass fuel is the best according to their own criteria or by examining the volume of gas produced by each type of fuel.
Describes the testing done on the new design for even larger turbines made out of a concrete base which reach up higher into more reliable air flow.
Comprehensive report on climate change covering topics such as; observed changes, future changes and risks, mitigation techniques, and sustainable development, along with many others.
A students guide to Global Climate Change. This EPA site helps kids explore and understand what is going on with climate change, what the impacts are, how to think like a scientist and how to be a part of the solution.
Associated Grade Levels: 5-67-89-10Public
A magazine that compiles recent innovations, case studies, LED applications and more dealing specifically with how the lighting community is using the resources that LED technology offers.
Video about LED production and its implications for developing nations, produced by University of California.
Video introducing the inventor of LED technology and explaining the beginning of LED implementation because of its high efficiency values compared to tungsten bulbs.
Video explaining the process of LED technology and its benefits towards removing the amount of energy that needs to be produced.
Video explaining how LEDs have impacted society and the future of lighting technology in relation to more efficient methods such as lasers.
Website about how to implement and change public policies for the betterment of society by way of sustainability collaboration.
Technology company LumaStream is changing the way lighting looks and costs with their innovative methods and technology advances with the use of LED lighting systems.
Website with links to improving solar partnerships in the Midwest and the growth of implementing more solar technology.
A window that can adapt to the environment and power LED bulbs without the need for an external power source.
News and Information about Biofuels from National Geographic
Use this link to calculate the amount of CO2 you release into the atmosphere each year and to determine which areas of your life impact your carbon footprint
News and Information about Biofuels from the New York Times
A Biomass magazine article covering the growth of a large ethanol producer indicating that the biomass sector is one that is rapidly growing.
A U.S. Department of Energy laboratory video covering the process of using non-food based feed stock to produce viable liquid biofuels in addition to a synopsis of the biofuels basics.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory surveyed 74 companies that reported they have commercial-scale biofuel production. This overview provides a link to the published survey results detailing the different types of biofuel and the capacity available.
BBC article highlighting the potential to use potatoes or other plants as the matrix for producing electricity.
An article addressing the processes related to the pretreatment of woody biomass to be used for biofuel, focusing on energy efficiency, technologies, and recalcitrance
This review focuses on cost effective technologies and the processes to convert biomass into useful liquid biofuels and bioproducts, with particular focus on some biorefinery concepts based on different feedstocks aiming at the integral utilization of these feedstocks for the production of value added chemicals
Infographic describing the process of using corn stover to produce ethanol, along with a description of how the project was funded and why.
A compilation of short quizzes with answers and resources for more material. Quizzes include but not limited to Soil moisture, The ocean, Frozen poles, Precipitation and the water cycle, and How's your energy level?
This article from The American Ceramic Society talks about why we are seeing the price of PV cells decline.
This lesson is a way for students to understand the cost and the benefits to switching their energy sources at their school to renewable energy. The students will be using special software for this lesson.
This lesson plan provides an engaging way for students to learn about the public’s perception of renewable energy. Through surveying adults in their school and neighborhoods, students will increase their energy literacy and raise public awareness about renewable energy for the generation of electricity in their own community.
Associated Grade Levels: 5-67-8
An economic assessment of different biological routes and technical hurdles of renewable fuels from biomass
This report examines how and from where petroleum products are transported into the Northeastern US states, how gasoline and home heating oil ultimately make their way to consumers, and how ownership and control of various elements of the supply chains are structured.
University of Wisconsin-Madison professor and post doc approached a problem in a new way and by doing so, they demonstrated the utility of solar energy for biomass conversion as well as the feasibility of using an oxidative biomass conversion reaction as an anode reaction in a hydrogen-forming PEC.
A New York Times article reviewing the impacts of using food crops for biofuels, especially with cassava and corn extending beyond first world impacts.
Grist founder Chip Giller talks about the new ways that we should be approaching climate change and some of the positives that real people are having on the ground. He details some marketing schemes that are having negative effects and those that are positive. His four major talking points revolve around; people taking energy into their own hands, our changing food system, companies are thinking differently and a new American dream.
A video exploring and explaining the possibility of using nanoparticles in a paint base to produce electricity at a very low cost through covering roofs.
National Geographic article discussing the impact that using floating solar arrays could have on the energy conversation as well as the environmental conversation.
PBS video encapsulating the benefits and limitations of solar power.
A new cement mixture can be a CO2 sink and is stronger than regular cement. This new development could have huge implications for buildings and roadways across the world.
A Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness Network website which covers the importance of climate literacy and understanding what role the climate plays in our everyday life.
A Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness Network website which details energy literacy and how to best teach its concepts, this includes an energy quiz.
Students will be able to identify biomass resources. Describe how biomass is a form of stored solar energy. Explain how a particular biomass resource can be used to produce heat or electricity or contribute to transportation resource needs.
Associated Grade Levels: 5-67-89-1011-12
Alliance for Green Heat outlines where Americans and other countries spend up to two-thirds of their energy bills, heating, and where we can reduce the cost as well as the amount of carbon released into the atmosphere.
National Geographic article discussing the good, the bad and the need for more information regarding extremely efficient homes.
A National Renewable Energy Laboratory report which details the decisions a large company has to consider before implementing a large volume of PV cells.
Outlines the goals and dimensions of sustainability through the eyes of the DoE by way of combining advanced analysis with applied research to understand and address the potential environmental impacts of bioenergy production.
Website with energy information across all sectors with interactive maps and articles associated with energy use, production and cost.
Comprehensive overview of the energy usage across the United States.
Article describing the process that Gevo make alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) fuel along with some of the other testing that has been done with this alternative fuel source.
An organization bringing high efficiency LED lamps with photovoltaic cells to developing nations.
The Washington Post article describing how large utilities are trying to stop home owners from implementing solar pannels and the reasoning behind why they don't want rooftop solar.
University of Wisconsin at Oshkosh has the first of its kind in the nation biodigester. Students are encouraged to "feed the beast" by dumping food and other organic waste into specified receptacles to which will eventually produce methane that will power the campus.
A video segment where a ZOOM cast member visits a recycling plant and learns about the process of recycling and how much of an impact it can have on the environment.
Associated Grade Levels: 1-23-45-67-8Public
How using a water softener can save you time and money which will reduce your spending on electricity.
Decreasing the amount of energy needed to heat and cool the governmental buildings includes using geothermal heat pumps. This method of using naturally occurring heating and cooling will help the U.S. government to reach it sustainability goals.
National Geographic article with video that highlights the first wood stove decathlon. Residential heating with wood has increased by nearly 40% in the last decade. This competition looks for particulate emissions and carbon monoxide. It also shows the amount of variability within design and materials for a wood stove.
Brett Diehl, a graduate student at Penn State, has been studying the process of lignin extraction from various wood species. In the following video, Brett explains what lignin is, why he is studying it, and how the specific extraction process works.
National Geographic article and video covering how the United States has gone away from wood burning stoves for heat and how new technology can bring back the age old heating method. This story follows a University of Maryland team of students on their journey to a final product.
This review presents a comprehensive discussion of the key technical issues in woody biomass pretreatment: barriers to efficient cellulose saccharification, pretreatment energy consumption, in particular energy consumed for wood-size reduction, and criteria to evaluate the performance of a pretreatment