Integrated Procurement of Pulpwood and Energy Wood from Early Thinnings using Whole-tree Bundling

In this feasibility study, the required productivity level of bundle harvesting (i.e., cutting and bundling) in Scots pine-dominated stands was assessed by comparing the total supply chain costs based on whole-tree bundling with those of the other pulpwood and energy wood supply chains by means of system analysis.

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5. Energy decisions are influenced by economic, political, environmental, and social factors.
8. Wood based bio-fuels are one form of energy that is renewable

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5.4 Energy decisions are influenced by economic factors.

8.1 Sources of cellulosic residuals used are found in forest operations and in industry process

8.8 Life cycle analysis take account of ecological factors that are in steps of the supply chain.