Ethanol Producer Magazine article detailing the abilities of the company Algenol, which produces ethanol and other coproducts by way of algae. The company uses algae to make up to 8,000 gallons of ethanol a year, compared to corn ethanol's 476 gallons.
2. Physical processes on Earth are the result of energy flow through the Earth system.
3. Biological processes depend on energy flow through the Earth system.
5. Energy decisions are influenced by economic, political, environmental, and social factors.
6. The amount of energy used by human society depends on many factors.
7. The quality of life of individuals and societies is affected by energy choices.
4. Various sources of energy are used to power human activities.
Associated Grade Levels:
2.1 Earth constantly changes as energy flows through the system.
2.2 Sunlight, gravitational potential, decay of radioactive isotopes, and rotation of the Earth
2.3 Earth’s weather and climate are mostly driven by energy from the Sun.
2.4 Water plays a major role in the storage and transfer of energy in the Earth system.
2.5 Movement of matter between reservoirs is driven by Earth’s sources of energy.
2.7 The effects of changes in Earth’s energy system are often not immediately apparent.
3.1 The Sun is the major source of energy for organisms and the ecosystems of which they are a part
3.2 Food is a biofuel used by organisms to acquire energy for internal living processes.
3.5 Ecosystems are affected by changes in the availability of energy and matter.
3.6 Humans are part of Earth’s ecosystems and influence energy flow through these systems.
4.1 Humans transfer and transform energy from the environment into forms useful for human endeavors
4.2 Humans use of energy is subject to limits and constraints.
4.3 Fossil and biofuels are organic matter that contain energy captured from sunlight.
4.4 Humans transport energy from place to place.
4.6 Humans intentionally store energy for later use in a number of different ways.
4.7 Different sources of energy and different ways energy is transformed, transported, and stored.
5.1 Decisions concerning the use of energy resources are made at many levels.
5.2 Energy infrastructure has inertia.
5.3 Energy decisions can be made using a systems-based approach.
5.4 Energy decisions are influenced by economic factors.
5.5 Energy decisions are influenced by political factors.
5.6 Energy decisions are influenced by environmental factors.
5.7 Energy decisions are influenced by social factors.
6.4 Earth has limited energy resources.
6.5 Social and technological innovation affects the amount of energy used by human society.
6.6 Behavior and design affect the amount of energy used by human society.
6.8 Amount of energy used can be calculated and monitored.
7.4 Increasing demand for and limited supplies of fossil fuels affects quality of life.
7.6 Some populations are more vulnerable to impacts of energy choices than others.